Having a topic is not enough because the main function of the essay is to convince the audience or readers that the argument is right. The writer has to read widely both works that support his opinion and others that oppose his view to be able to build a strong case or his argument. Most writers find it easy to ignore the point view of others because hey believe that they are right and it may come as a surprise if the audience rejects their work. The writer should form reasons, make inductions, raw conclusions and then explaining them in the presentation. The writer should provide concrete evidence to support his reasoning.At the planning stage, the writer chooses different topics that are debatable. The writer should then choose the topic that they are more passionate about. An interesting topic is not enough and the writer should ensure that he has enough supporting materials. Once the writer has chosen the topic, they should determine the pros and cons of the subject and then take a side. The writer needs to gather enough materials to support his side of the argument and conclude that his side is the best. The writer should subsequently explore the two ideas comprehensively and provide evidence to support his view.After the planning stage, the writer can now move to the writing stage. An argumentative essay has three parts namely the introduction, the body and the conclusion. The writer gives a brief topic at the introductory paragraph, a background of the topic and the thesis statement. The thesis statement gives the writer’s personal opinion about the topic. On the other hand, the body contains the different sides of the essay with the author providing strong evidence against the opposing side. The author should then provide use the gathered evidence to present a strong case for his work. It is advisable to use different forms of evidence namely statistics, past researches and anecdotal stories. It is equally notable that the author should to restate his point of view as the most sensible in the conclusion. A successful writer should avoid emotional language, provide a logical conclusion, use reliable sources as well as cite the sources. The writer should also be ready to defend his argument before a teacher or the students.An argumentative writer should provide both side of the story and leave the readers to decide if his argument is convincing enough. Use of emotional language should be avoided because it appeals to the audience who might then support the author only because they are sympathetic. An effective essay can be achieved only if the writer provides supporting evidence from both sides. If a writer ignores the materials from the opposing side it will result in biasness because the readers can only make a decision based on one side.